Top 5 Emerging Programming Languages to Watch Out in 2020

Over the years, software developers have handled myriad programming languages – from C, C++, C#, Java, PHP to React, Angular, Python and many more. 

With a dynamic business landscape that calls for cutting-edge products to beat competition, the demand for high-level programming languages is increasing.

Here, we have collated 5 such best programming languages that can create a strong impact in 2020.

  1. Golang

Designed and developed at Google, Go or Golang is a statically typed language that has higher compilation speeds and syntax similar to that of C and C++. It offers features like concurrency support, garbage collection, multi-paradigm support, to name a few. It is highly scalable and helpful for developing cross-platform applications.

Already used by top companies like Uber, Netflix, SoundCloud, etc., Go is one of the preferred programming languages that developers want to learn the most.

  1. Elixir

A functional programming language running on the Erlang VM, Elixir is mainly inspired by the features of Ruby and is used for developing maintainable and scalable applications. 

Concurrent handling of processes, ie; event-driven programming, low-latency and fault-tolerance are its principal features. Elixir is faster than Ruby and can be extended to particular domains. Companies like Pinterest and Moz are its top users.

  1. Elm

Elm is a purely functional and statically typed domain-specific programming language that builds web user interfaces. Showing no runtime exceptions, fastly delivering JavaScript codes and automatically enforcing semantic versioning are some of its main features.

Elm exhibits superior performance due to its Virtual DOM implementation, immutable values and smaller assets. It is beneficial for projects involving 3D graphics and data visualization.

  1. Rust

A product of Mozilla Research and syntactically similar to C++, Rust is a general purpose programming language known for offering better memory safety and high-grade performance. It uses RAII convention for memory management, focuses on zero-cost abstractions and can operate well on embedded devices. 

Rust was consistently ranked as the most loved language from 2016 onwards by Stack Overflow’s annual Developer Survey. Firefox, Microsoft Azure, Google Fuchsia are some of the popular softwares using Rust.

  1. Clojure

A general-purpose, dynamic programming language hosted on Java VM, Clojure utilizes immutable data structures for functional programming. Built-in concurrency and runtime polymorphism are its other features.

Clojure is a modern dialect of the Lisp programming family and hence, showcases homoiconicity – it considers code as data. Also, like Lisp, it has a robust macro system. Clojure serves industry giants like Walmart, Apple, ThoughtWorks, to name a few.


Another emerging language is Kotlin – already in use for Android app development. Similarly, new languages like Dart, Julia, Scala, Crystal and Haskell also look promising.

Businesses focusing on launching innovative products to capture the market can try these programming languages for brighter prospects.

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